33. Just administrative action
(1) Everyone has the right to administrative action that is lawful, reasonable and procedurally fair.
(2) Everyone whose rights have been adversely aﬀected by administrative action has the right to be given written reasons.
(3) National legislation must be enacted to give eﬀect to these rights, and must—
(a) provide for the review of administrative action by a court or, where
appropriate, an independent and impartial tribunal;
(b) impose a duty on the state to give eﬀect to the rights in subsections (1) and (2); and
(c) promote an efcient administration.